Ph.D. students are required to take the equivalent of 3 half-courses and submit a thesis based on original research. You must attain at least second-class standing (B-minus or 70%) in all courses to remain registered in the program. You are permitted to take a maximum of one reading course. Ph.D. students are also required to present a seminar for the Environmental & Life Sciences (formerly Watershed Ecosystems Graduate Program) seminar series.
Prospective Ph.D. students should normally hold a M.Sc. (or equivalent) degree in the natural or physical sciences, at least a B+ (77%) or equivalent standing in the fourth year of undergraduate studies, and must satisfy the program that he/she has an acceptable academic background for the Environmental & Life Sciences (formerly Watershed Ecosystems Graduate Program). Prospective Ph.D. students should normally be exceptional students with a clear plan of study. Prior to acceptance a faculty member must have been identified who is able and willing to act as a Supervisor and to provide the required level of financial support.
*We make every attempt to provide accurate information on prerequisites, programs, and tuition. However, this information is subject to change without notice and we highly recommend that you contact the school to confirm important information before applying.